Tackle the concept of energy, why we need it and why we must not waste it. Work with your pupils to ensure they understand what energy is and how we use it in our lives.
Can the children identify all the different uses for electricity in their homes and their schools? Where else do they see the uses of electricity?
Do pupils know why we should not waste energy? Can they think of ways to save energy?
When they have this basic understanding of energy, you can move on to looking at the different sources of energy:
Work with your pupils to clarify the difference between non-renewable and renewable sources of energy. Can they name the different sources? Do they understand which sources have led to environmental damage and climate change and why? Make sure they can identify the non-renewable sources of energy which we have depleted and also the sources we are now trying to use to help combat climate change.
Can pupils suggest how they can participate as responsible young people in finding ways to combat climate change? Can they help by reducing their own energy usage? How can communities help?
These topics will give a good grounding for understanding the various types of energy source available and why renewable sources are so important. Once your pupils have grasped this they can begin investigating some of the initiatives associated with changing to renewable sources.
This brain gym activity could get pupils thinking about some of the problems caused by plastic bags.
Tell your pupils that plastic bags are made from petroleum which is a non-renewable natural source of energy found underground. Making them uses up our limited natural energy resources. Extracting the petroleum and producing the bags is harmful to the environment. Plastic bags can also cause a litter problem. Ask your pupils to imagine that it’s a windy day and they are walking to school:
You are doing a litter project at school and this morning you are very aware of all the plastic bags flapping about in the wind. There’s one caught up high in the tree, one in your neighbour’s front garden, another over there in the hedge and now even another caught around the back of your ankles. Let’s pick them up!
- Stretch up with your right hand to get the one in the tree to your left
- Lean across with your left hand to get the one in the garden to your right
- Cross your right arm back for the one in the hedge on your left
- Turn round and bend down with your left hand for the bag caught round your right foot