Energy Town

Energy source: biomass

Photo: Elean

Elean, the world's largest straw-burning power station

What is biomass?

Biomass means plant and animal material and waste food that can be burnt as fuel to provide heat energy. Humans have used wood to make fires throughout history and today, wood chips and other plant material can be used to generate electric power.

How a biomass power plant works

Click on the tabs to find out more about biomass energy

  • Biomass power stations in the UK currently range up to 50MW in size, but future stations may go up to 350MW.
  • Biomass energy supplies 2% of the UK's electricity.
  • Sewage treatment works produce a lot of biomass; animal waste can be used too.
  • Some UK schools are heated by wood chip boilers.